What follows comes from my 8th graders’ history textbook:King_Charles_I_by_Gerrit_van_Honthorst_sm

As Parliament still refused to give Charles money and soldiers to put down this rebellion, the king tried to frighten the members by marching into their place of meeting with his guards, to arrest five of the principal men, among whom were the patriots of Hampden and Pym. But they managed to escape, and the Speaker, or head of the House of Commons, refused to tell the king where they had gone. Seeing that Parliament was using the money got by taxes to raise an army to oppose him, Charles soon withdrew to York. . . . During the next six years the civil war raged.

Christine Miller, The Story of the Renaissance and Reformation, page 260

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